A century and a half after it was founded, Marqués de Riscal is known worldwide for the coloured curves of the hotel designed by Frank Gehry. Winelovers, however, prefer to dream of its historical cellar (the "Botellería Histórica”, also known as "The Cathedral") which stores bottles from every vintage since the first harvest in 1862.
Bodega de los Herederos del Marqués de Riscal, as it is officially named, is located in the village of Elciego, in Rioja Alavesa. It owns 540 hectares of vineyards in the sub-area and controls another 900 to produce more than six million bottles a year. It is one of the easiest Spanish brands to find abroad - over 60% of its production is exported to more than 100 countries.
Camilo Hurtado de Amézaga, marquis of Riscal, was a man ahead of its time. He found inspiration to set up his winery in Bordeaux in 1858. Soon after that date, he brought the first French vitis vinifera to his vineyards. Cabernet Sauvignon was the variety that best adapted to the Rioja terroir so it played a key role in his wines, specially those known as “reserva Médoc”, which can still be sampled in rare historical tastings. This variety is only allowed in Rioja for experimental purposes, but Riscal still blends it in its top wine, Barón de Chirel.
Riscal embarked on the 21st century decidedly set on maintaining and reinforcing its position as one of the most important and well-known wineries in Rioja. The creation of the City of Wine has undoubtedly been the most audacious, intense and effective marketing campaign ever displayed by a Spanish winery. The City of Wine (the name is patented) includes the Marqués de Riscal Hotel, designed by Frank Gehry and operated by the Marriott chain; two restaurants overseen by Rioja chef Francis Paniego, one of them with a Michelin star since 2011, and a third more informal outdoor space next to the winery serving traditional grilled dishes; a wine therapy spa managed by Caudalie, the leading firm in the field, and the historic winery. At present, Riscal is one of the most visited wineries in the world.
Traditionally, its range had never included a wine below the Reserva category. Its main wine, Marqués de Riscal Reserva (around €15 in Spain), is, vintage after vintage, the reference of what a Rioja reserva must be. Since the purchase of Marqués de Arienzo in 2010, the brand Arienzo has added a Crianza to its portfolio.
The winery's top wine is Barón de Chirel Reserva (around €68), a pioneer in the modernisation of Rioja since its launch in the 1986 vintage. However, Gran Reserva wines have gained ground in recent years thanks to a renewed interest among consumers in this category. Marqués de Riscal 150 Anniversary Gran Reserva 2001 was launched to commemorate the winery's one and a half century (around €48).
Finca Torrea (around €21) was launched in 2009 and represents a modern rioja concept with no Crianza label and a fruit-forward style. It is made from old Tempranillo and Graciano vines planted around the Elciego winery. Finca Torrea and Barón de Chirel are both aged in French oak barrels; American oak is still preferred for the traditional range of Reservas and Gran Reservas.
The latest additions include Tapias and Reserva XR. Launched at the end of 2019, the XR (around €21 in Spain) takes its name from the letters XR, used by the French winemakers who were in charge of the wines until the 1950s to identify their best barrels. This brand, primarily destined to the on-trade, blends Tempranillo with 5% Graciano and is aged in barrels for 24 months.
Intended to be included in Rioja’s new Viñedo Singular category, Tapias was finally released through La Place de Bordeaux in October 2022. This is a fleshy, deep Tempranillo, with remarkable texture and persistence. Grapes are sourced from a specific area of 2.5 hectares within the eponymous vineyard in Elciego. It is made from a set of old Tempranillo clones which, according to Hurtado de Amézaga, provide a distinctive character that always stands out in their tastings. Fewer than 3,000 bottles have been produced in the first 2019.
Under the leadership of Paco Hurtado de Amézaga, fifth generation of the founding family and current technical and production director, the winery has embarked on the arduous task of re-grafting 178 hectares of vineyards that belonged to Domecq in the 1970s and which the Jerez-based group regrouped and transformed to increase production. In just over three years, 160 hectares have been re-grafted, including the 52 hectares of the Castejones vineyard, one of the largest in Rioja Alavesa. Some of its fruit is now being used in the blends of Marqués de Riscal Gran Reserva and Barón de Chirel.
Riscal pioneered the production of modern white wines in Rueda through its company Vinos de los Herederos del Marqués de Riscal and owns a third winery in Zamora, near the border with Portugal, where it produces Riscal 1860 Roble and an old vine rosé in the VT Castilla y León category.
Find out where to find Riscal’s wines in Spain and the rest of the world.